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courses:ct60a7000:spring2015:2:maksimainenjoonas [2015/03/11 17:20]
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courses:ct60a7000:spring2015:2:maksimainenjoonas [2015/04/17 11:12] (current)
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 3.[[http://​www.greentechmedia.com/​articles/​read/​6-charts-that-show-renewable-energy-and-efficiency-are-top-priorities-for-d|http://​www.greentechmedia.com/​articles/​read/​6-charts-that-show-renewable-energy-and-efficiency-are-top-priorities-for-d]] 3.[[http://​www.greentechmedia.com/​articles/​read/​6-charts-that-show-renewable-energy-and-efficiency-are-top-priorities-for-d|http://​www.greentechmedia.com/​articles/​read/​6-charts-that-show-renewable-energy-and-efficiency-are-top-priorities-for-d]]
  
 +== How to increase sustainability aspects in LUT CS/SWE programme ==
  
-== Missed lectures ==+Basically what we could do first to increase sustainability aspects in LUT CS/SWE, is to increase the students awareness of green IT and sustainability. Then we can assure that students are aware of doing things and increasing sustainable aspects. For example if consumer doesn'​t know that product he bought is  recyclable, why he would recycle it then.  Awareness can be raised by offering certain courses like this one. Also lots of practical solutions and implementations can be teach to students in many IT courses, specifically in coding, when lecturers give coding examples and solutions, which cause only little burden to computers. Making too heavy programs for computers to complete causes increased need for processing power and energy. ​
  
-Sustainability ​is one of the greatest challenges ​in information technologyIn the book Computing Research for Sustainability written by Lynette IMillet and Deborah L. Estrinthis topic is discussed in three chapters. The first chapter elaborates on domains of potential impact in order to illustrate ​the role and available opportunities of IT on the broader path toward sustainability. IT and computer science could have a huge impact in a wide diversity of sustainability ​challenges. The examples represented ​in the first chapter illustrate some of the efforts that are needed. Also important thing in the first chapter was that individual problems are highly multidimensional and they require innovation in different areas of computing as well as deep domain knowledge, for example complete solutions to global sustainability challenges will require deep economic, political and cultural changesThe chapter basically addresses the question, in what ways and where can computing research have measurable and significant impact?+The second thing we could do is to inspire people to design and make sustainable hardware and software solutions voluntarily and not only in coursesTo inspire students and to get actual solutions, ​the university could do cooperation with local IT companies, which give certain coding task to completeNot only this could be good exercisebut also give possibility to students to get themselves known to the IT companies. Moreover, if the solution is very efficient ​and increases ​sustainability in certain task, the solution could be used in practice by the target company or university 
  
-The second chapter provides ​examples of important technical research areas and outlines a broad research agenda for computer science ​and sustainabilityAlthough there are numerous opportunities to apply well understood technologies ​and techniques to sustainabilitythere are also hard problems—such as mitigating climate ​changefor which current methods offer at-best partial solutions, and rapid innovation is essential ​in light of the pressing nature ​of the challenges. The second chapter ​also highlighted ​the centrality ​of data and information to sustainability ​and the highlighted areas in this chapter—measurement ​and instrumentation;​ information-intensive systems; analysis, modeling, and simulation; optimization; ​and humancentered systems—are counterparts ​to well-established research areas in computer scienceThis overlap has clear positive implicationsHoweverfinding a way to have a significant impact may require new approaches ​to these problems ​and almost certainly new ways of conducting ​and managing research.+== Exam questions == 
 + 
 +**1. Define Green IT and give 3 examples of practicing it.** 
 + 
 +This question is meant to ensure that student has at least read and learned something about the topic from books and seminars. 
 + 
 +**2. Why cloud computing is considered environmentally sustainable in IT and does it have any negative issues or challenges. If doeslist and explain them briefly.** 
 + 
 +This is quite huge question, but because cloud computing has gained immensely interest as sustainable IT solution, students should understand, not only benefits but also possible negative issues or challenges of clouds. These are for example security issues. Deploying new sustainable technology may be green, but it can also cause problems
 + 
 +**3. Which one is more sustainable, ​change ​people who buy product or change product that people buy? Choose and explain why.** 
 +  
 +This is good exam question, because it puts students to think the situation from many ways and raises more interesting questions about choosing more effective sustainable action. Would it be more effective and sustainable to concentrate on teaching people to behave more sustainable way; by teaching them for example to buy less and wasting less energy when using products? Or making products more and more recyclable and production more resource efficient? Even though we could make 100% recyclable product, ​which is practically impossiblewill people bother to recycle it. The question about products lasting long and how often people change cellphone or buy new computer was raised ​in the 3rd seminar. Of course both changing people and products are important, but this question puts students to critically think their options'​ pros and cons more closely. 
 + 
 +**4. Describe briefly three solutions to improve IT sustainability in universities and list what benefits they could offer.**  
 + 
 +This question is mainly for students to think and adapt their knowledge ​of the course material and seminars to practical situations. The knowledge is useless if you cannot utilize it. 
 +   
 +== Course work for missing Coursera diploma == 
 + 
 +The critical thinking means in short a clear and very reasoned thinking ​also involving critique. According to the Critical Thinking Community, the critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process ​of actively ​and skillfully conceptualizing,​ applying, analyzing, synthesizing,​ and/or evaluating ​information ​gathered from, or generated by, observation,​ experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication,​ as a guide to belief ​and action. The first reference is book called Critical Thinking: What Every Person Needs To Survive ​in a Rapidly Changing World by Paul Richard ​and Binker A. J. A. and it is good for understanding the overall meaning of critical thinking. Also the book offers several practical approaches to use critical thinking. The second is the website of Critical Thinking Communitywhich also offers different critical thinking methods ​and help inter alia for healthcare ​and several different school grades and teaching. The third offers very short and practical version of critical thinking but also critical reading, in which the website is concentrating.  
 + 
 +The usefulness of these pages for the course is that students learn to separate different types of arguments from each other, and that way to observer comments of their fellow students ​in seminarsWhen students know how to think critically, they are more eager to make questions and comments to correct false statementsAlso when learning to think criticallystudents are more observant about the books they read, and willing ​to find more proof to what they read. 
 + 
 +The fourth and fifth reference give also useful information about argumentation,​ which is essential when doing presentation. Knowing how to convince others makes showing the proof more effective and makes detection of suspicious information easy. Also the most important thing is that when doing argumentation,​ students ​have their proof and references ​to show. In conclusion, with all these references students know how to criticize the information they receive ​and be observant what they say and read. 
 + 
 +**References:​** 
 + 
 +1. Critical Thinking: What Every Person Needs To Survive in a Rapidly Changing World; Paul, Richard W.; Binker, A. J. A., Ed; 1990 
 + 
 +[[http://​eric.ed.gov/?​id=ED338557|http://​eric.ed.gov/?​id=ED338557]] 
 + 
 +2. [[http://​www.criticalthinking.org/​pages/​defining-critical-thinking/​766|http://​www.criticalthinking.org/​pages/​defining-critical-thinking/​766]] 
 + 
 +3. [[http://​www.criticalreading.com/​critical_thinking.htm|http://​www.criticalreading.com/​critical_thinking.htm]] 
 + 
 +4. [[http://​www.webpages.uidaho.edu/​crit_think/​Chapter-Three-1.htm|http://​www.webpages.uidaho.edu/​crit_think/​Chapter-Three-1.htm]] 
 + 
 +5. [[http://​www.wnc.edu/​~kille/​Fred/​Eng101crtclthnkng.rtf|http://​www.wnc.edu/​~kille/​Fred/​Eng101crtclthnkng.rtf]] 
 + 
 +== Missed lectures ==
  
-The third chapter explores ways of conducting and managing research so that computer science research can have an even greater impact on sustainability challengesIn addition to the research areas discussed in second chapter, the third chapter gives information about additional areas of promising computer science and related research for sustainability. Aside from the main topic, this chapter also gives list of some of computer science’s most significant achievements over the years. But all in all, the third chapter has argued for a bottom-up approach to research that values application-driven results while also supporting the iterative process that eventually leads to more universally useful contributions. Chapter mentions that committee has argued for a series of validation metrics that explicitly explore the true impact of a piece of work in the arena of sustainability and such validation metrics should include those that deal directly with humans, economics, and ecosystems and those metrics that engage with the concept of scale.+== 20.02.2015 ==
  
 +{{:​courses:​ct60a7000:​spring2015:​2:​computing_research_for_suntainability.pdf|}}