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How sustainability and ICT are linked together?
Sustainability and ICT are in my opinion strongly linked together. Whereas ICT provides at the same time opportunities to sustainable development, it also creates problems, such as the rising demand of energy. Nevertheless I think that today and especially in the future ICT & GreenIT will play a major role regarding sustainable development. I think that although ICT has created some issues such as; in 2008 researches estimated that ICT is responsible for 2% of the greenhouse gas emissions and considering any individual business ICT is accountable for much higher percentage regarding the businesses greenhouse gas emissions. Nevertheless in my opinion ICT has contributed to sustainable development to greater extent than it has created issues. Same researchers also argued that ICT could provide a solution to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions. Also I see ICT as a major part of the solution to sustainability issues and as a tool to reach sustainable lifestyle.
ICT and three pillars of sustainable development
What is sustainable development or sustainability actually? Sustainable development is constructed from three pillars or dimensions, which are ecological, social and environmental dimension. How can ICT contribute to these three pillars? ICT can be used to increase our knowledge of our environment and reduce the environmental burden, then again how can we reduce the environmental impact of production, use and disposal of ICT. Considering social dimension, what is ICT’s role in social development, how are we able to use ICT to promote communities working towards the mission to achieve sustainable development? Can ICT support and offer a solution for social justice in a global scale? Then again concentrating to economic dimension, does ICT play a key role for structural change within the economy from industrial to post-industrial mode? Is ICT a solution to reduce interdependence of economic growth and growing resource consumption, replace virtual modes of production and consumption for energy-intensive processes, to dematerialize significant parts of economic system? Can ICT guide growing or emerging economies to advance into this mode without imitating the unsustainable manners of the industrial mode first?
ICT and its contribution to sustainable development
ICT offers a profitable opportunity and plays a crucial role regarding other sectors to shape and apply solutions required to establish a green economy and society. ICT performance will continue be highly important for developed countries in order to sustain long-term competitiveness and improving the innovation potential of such countries. Nevertheless ICT performance for developed economies will also be as important regarding the promotion of structural transformation, growing effectiveness and also lowering the digital, economic and social division within their areas. ICT can provide important data through modeling of natural disasters in example, changes in the global ecosystem, energy consumption et cetera. ICT can help to promote so-called smart network thus to control the use of energy more effectively for example, this would directly address the question of the continual rising demand of energy in the world. ICT contributes to social sustainability by offering larger access to basic services within all of the societies segments and enhances the ways these basic services, such as finance, education and healthcare for example are delivered to citizens. ICT reduces environmental affect of existing services through dematerialization, such things as books, music, bills or even meetings that before required a physical presence are matters that can be dematerialized through ICT. Economic growth is promoted through ICT for instance; as a result of availability of a broadband, computers and software in a country it will improve its competitiveness and the general performance of its economy in long-term.