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Materials relevant to the course

Green IT: sustainable communications and information technology:

- This written article describes how the information technology is evolving and becoming more sustainable. this article is relevant to the course because it takes green IT as the “latest buzzword” for the aim of making the communication “greener”

Agarwal, Datta, Nath 2014 “Impact Of Green Computing in IT Industry to make ECO Friendly Environment” Journal of global research in computer science vol.5 no4 p.5-10 :

- This article explains more about Green IT and proposes several strategies and practices of Green and energy efficient computing

Green IT sustainable service for Business:

- This short video illustrates three cases at which green IT is applied. It is beneficial to take into account real life examples for our future researches and empirical studies regarding the subject.

Option Selection


EDX online course results

Carbon Foodprint Results

4 Exam Questions

1. Why are we supposed to meet future challenges that we will not be noticing during our lives?

This question is important. The idea is that, although we already know from the first chapter that Green IT broadens the three Horizons including Time, but the main issue is that whether we have the motivation to overcome environmental problems that will happen maybe 100 years later, especially if this kind of motivation will force us to postpone our own personal satisfaction for the sake of future generations, something also mentioned in the book of “Greening IT” chapter 1. Now comes the definition of motivation, and how strong is this motivation to push us meet these very future challenges. This exam question is capable of spreading the student's imagination, and makes him/her think about the real concrete background of why we are studying this course anyway!

2. Do you think that nations should “equally” work on enhancing a sustainable life in this world? if yes, why? if no. why?

This topic has been raised during the discussions in the 2nd Seminar. The main question was that whether the quality of life of a certain nation does affect the level of sustainability they are seeking. There were different ideas regarding this topic, some said that poor nations don't think about anything but food and water, other said that rich nations rarely care about sustainability because they are already satisfied. We also should keep in mind the level of technology education in each nation, and whether each nation “should” have a certain level of technology background to better participate in meeting the environmental challenges. Billgates' dream was to provide each African house internet access, then one of the commenters said that you better provide water, and I'll make your dream true. This question helps the student to understand the priorities in the first place, and try to differentiate nations according to their technology background.

3. What form of education would you prefer for the sake of enhancing sustainability? please explain why

this question's answer is either 'formal' or 'informal', then the student will go further to explain why. We have discussed that in the 3rd Seminar as well, where we were trying to identify the effects of each type of education, and how each type contribute to ourselves. this is a subjective question, and psychological in the first place, which opens the gate for students to express their feelings without any borders.

4. Can individuals create a change? if yes, on which platform (Include examples that strengthen your opinion)?

Obviously, and according to the book of “Greening IT”, individuals can make a change, and that's why I did not put “No” as a possible answer. The main concern of this question is to summarize all what we have learned from greening through IT. Some individuals prefer to work within their house –> community –> Village/Town –> and so on and so forth, other individuals prefer to make efficient use of IT in particular, by using social media, because IT “Broadens the Space Horizon”. So basically, what is more effective?


1) Human Need Not Apply –>

This is one of the most interesting videos that I suggest everyone to watch. We once had a very quick discussion about how smart IT is. In fact, it is smart enough to make some dramatic changes in our world, and especially to meet the challenges facing the environment. However, it is sometimes smart to a way that we as humankinds will suffer from this cost efficiency approaches. It is true that Greening through IT is amazing, particularly if we are talking about the replacement of usual production facilities with IT based concepts, then carbon emissions will decrease, efficient use of energy will be enhanced, but on the other hand the labor force will also decrease, and we will be suffering from high rates of unemployment.

2) Whatever Happened to Green IT –>

This article describes how Green IT has dampened in the last years especially in the business world. Obviously, there is no concrete link between this article and our topic, and the book of “Greening through IT” in particular, but it has been a trending discussion during the class sessions. During class sessions we have discussed the importance of IT in greening our world, our discussion however was limited to the individual level, because that’s what the book contained, and that’s what other group members were presenting in chapter 9 in particular. The gap is that we completely ignored the business level, at which the importance of IT becomes more important, because the effect is higher and more obvious. According to this article, there are high cost contributions coming from enhancing a sustainable production using IT, including supply chain tracking and supplier relationships and whatsoever, and this is actually true, based on some reports I have done including Neste Oil and Greyder. This article can be included to our topic in a way that it shows us the problem, and we need to find the solution, which is obviously motivating the big players in using IT for enhancing a green world even though that might be costly, whereas in the book, it focuses on the individual level more, which is good, but not enough.

3) Green IT: Sustainable communications and information technology –>

This article views the importance of IT in providing a green “communication” in the first place, in addition to the use of “eco-friendly materials”. However, my main concentration is on the communication level, at which the article refers to as the cloud computing. Digital sharing or digital space is what the article talks about. It is truly meaningful to shed light on this issue in particular, as we had in our in class discussions, Greening through IT is done through the compression of those three horizons, time, space and complexity. I can still remember that a conference was about to be established in Paris concerning sustainability, and some suggestions were about the make this conference online, so as to eliminate the carbon emissions that would be taken resulting from the travels and so on. This same idea comes from the great advantage of IT, at which we make an efficient use of mobiles, computers and other communication devices to replace the actual or physical meetings with online meetings and online communication systems.

4) Green IT in practice: virtual meetings in Swedish public –>

I found this academic article very interesting to read, it shows how IT can be used to create virtual meetings so as to decrease the CO2 emissions, where 20 Swedish agencies were involved in the REMM project. This article supports the book of Greening through IT, at which it states the importance of IT because it has the ability to compress space, time and complexity. In my opinion, this is one of the most obvious results of IT that we can feel and test, and this is nearly focusing on the very same point that the previous article talks about, at which the aim making a dramatic change to our modes of meetings and communication. However, my concern is this: to what extent it is feasible that we use IT for communication purposes instead of the usual modes? What about the energy consumed by the IT in this sector? And how can we create a comparison table between two options? Since that the first is concerned with the CO2 emissions, and the other is concerned with the energy consumption.

5) Using IT to create a More Sustainable World –>

This video is about a conference that was held in Washington in 2010, the title of this conference was “using IT to create a more sustainable world”. What was explained during this video is some typical definitions of Green IT, including the broadening capabilities of today’s IT in the three horizons, I will not go through details in that. However, what came out to be interesting was their concern on the electronic wastes, which comes as a result of the IT usage. In the 3rd meeting last week, Jari has asked some questions regarding how much time we spend on using electronic devices before we throw them, and what are the main reasons that motivate us to switch to another devices and so on and so forth. This is actually a big concern, and as stated in the video, this challenge, although it seems simple, it is actually a trending problem that needs a solution. Well the guys in this video already illustrate some sort of opportunities to overcome this problem by reusing or recycling these devices. However, still, the problem does not lie there, the question should be again if the people are willing to sort wastes or not, and this is the main issue.