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Green IT3: Sustainability Indicators
- Lecturer: Prof. Jari Porras
- Assistant: nn
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- Survey (Done)
- Search and select three (3) documents (web pages, articles, videos, …) of the topic of your course (Data & Privacy in Critical thinking and Sustainability in Green IT course) and explain why those documents are relevant for the course.
- “Indicators of Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies”. United Nations, New York. 2007 (http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/natlinfo/indicators/guidelines.pdf).
The document describes the set of indicators of Sustainable Development, introduced by the United Nations' Division of Sustainable Development, and also the history of these indicators introduction.
- “Connected. ICT and sustainable development”. Forum for the Future. 2008 https://www.forumforthefuture.org/sites/default/files/project/downloads/connected.pdf.
This paper presents the information of the relation between ICT and sustainable development: reasons and ways to use ICT in working, travelling, shopping, etc. for sustainability.
- “ICT for Environmental Sustainability. Green ICT roadmap”. Jussi Ahola, Toni Ahlqvist, Miikka Ermes,Jouko Myllyoja & Juha Savola. VTT. 2010 http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/tiedotteet/2010/T2532.pdf
This document explains 3 major ways to use ICT to improve environmental sustainability: empowering people, extending natural resources and optimising systems.
- Design “Sustainability movement”:
The major idea of any movement is to encourage people to do or not to do certain things. The encouragement can have different basis: financial motivation, social influence, legal restrictions, etc. In my opinion, the best way to do that is to bond people together socially within this movement. It means that the more people communicate and share information, their knowledge and experience in this particular movement, the more they become sure that they are not alone in their way of thinking and doing towards more sustainable style of living.
For example, in my country there was a movement of gathering people from the same block of flats, school or work place and to clean the place of their shared usage. For instance, owners of the flats in one house cleaned together the yard, sometimes decorated it and planted flowers and trees. That is just an example, but it somehow bonded people for the same goal, so they collaborated with each other.
Maybe, it can be possible to gather people for promoting more sustainable way of living. For instance, every month there might be an “Sustainability movement” event in each small district of the city (or even just in each block of flats), where people can sell and buy some stuff that they don't need or don't use anymore (clothes, toys, cutlery, furniture, etc.), promote sustainable way of living. As the event is going to take place not only in one place for the whole city, there will be no need for people to go somewhere by car and produce carbon dioxide. Also, this event can include some sort of entertainment, so more people will be attracted to this. In this way of organizing people's communication (like a fair) used things won't be just disposed, but might be reused for different purposes. And also people will learn from each other how to be “sustainable”. This idea is very raw, and most likely to have some drawbacks. But I think that might be the basis for the development of future sustainability movement in practice.
- Radar Chart Analysis.
I decided to use the data from The Green City Index report. It includes several indicators for the analysis of different aspects of cities nowadays such as Energy consumption, air quality, buildings and transportation system, etc. Each indicator is in the range of [1,10]. As Copenhagen was announced “The Greenest City of 2009”, its indicator values (blue line in chart) are compared to the maximum values obtained in Europe (red line) for a particular indicator. The names of these cities are mentioned in brackets near the indicators. These maximum values can be used as a goal definition for the future development.
Some useful links about the Green City Index:
Computing Research for Sustainability (TASK MISSING LECTURES)
As I was absent on the lecture dedicated to “Computing Research for Sustainability” (by Lynette I. Millett and Deborah L. Estrin) book, I wrote brief summary of all chapters of this book. crforsbelyakhina.doc
4 questions about the course
1) What are examples of areas for Computer Science research in a way of “greening through IT”? That question implies understanding of the existing areas, in which the Computer Science research can be applied to achieve sustainability, using the different features and tools of IT.
2) What is the main difference between MSY and AMOEBA? To answer this question one should know what is sustainability indicators, what types of sustainability indicators exist, what MSY and AMOEBA are and their main features.
3) What are the major challenges in applying sustainability indicators? This question was implicitly raised during the discussion in the class, when we were talking about different sustainability indicators and the possible problems, that occur while applying indicators in practice.
4) What is Imagine approach? Please briefly describe its components. In this question answer should be built on the knowledge of Systemic Sustainability analysis and main steps of this approach application in practice.